1-Leave the Water Behind
Water is essential to all life, but just one gallon weighs 8 pounds. If we plan to head out into the wild, we don’t have to bring that store bought, bottled water with us. Where do you think that clean crisp bottled water comes from? It comes from wild springs and clean mountain creeks. If we are in an area with plenty of fresh water, we can ditch that bottled water and save several pounds. Maybe you aren’t sure if the water is drinkable in the area you’re hiking, but you know there is water in the area. Bring a water pump or water purifier you can easily pick up at your local outdoor store, and it weighs much less than a gallon of water. Using snow for water is another easy technique. You can collect snow in your cooking stove and melt it to make drinkable water. If we are going to use this technique, you need to make sure you have just enough water to coat the bottom of your cooking stove or it will burn the snow and the stove.
2-Leave the Food Behind
Another essential to life is food! Once again, a good understanding of the area we are in will make all the difference. Every time I go out, I pack in a few meals and plan to catch or harvest a few on trail. Packing in Mountain House meals can also add up very quickly. One mountain house can weigh nearly 6 ounces. If you eat three meals a day over a weekend camping trip, that can add up to almost 3 pounds of food! Catching fish, trapping wildlife, or harvesting berries/nuts can go a long way. Study your map for good fishing locations. A simple 30 dollar pole and reel can catch more than enough fish to sustain your appetite. Study the local plants in the area and determine which ones are edible and which ones are in season. Eating what mother nature provides, makes us feel amazing, and one with nature.
3- Leave the Shelter Behind
The last of the BIG 3 essentials for sustaining life is a shelter. Depending on the quality and material of the tent you own, it could weigh as much as 5 pounds! I’ve personally seen people hike in 8, 6, and 4 person tents and only sleep 1 or 2 people in the tent. All that extra tent is just pounds for you to carry. Maybe you have some 600 dollar, state of the art, one person tent that weighs two pounds right? Start thinking of some options to ditch that expensive tent. An item like a Bivy Sack, is a good alternate to tents and still gives us shelter but for almost no weight. If we are really getting adventurous, bring a tarp or hammock to sting up from tree to tree. If we want to harness our inner Mick Dodge, and the area permits, we can make our own forest shelter. This can be really fun if you have kids, they will really get into making a fort/shelter for the night. But remember to rip it down after, in order to Leave No Trace.
4-Leave the Cooking Stove Behind
A cooking stove is one item I love to bring, but it can be completely obsolete if we are permitted to have fires. First we need to check the area in which we are camping. We may need a stove to cook our fish or boil water, if camp fires aren’t permitted. Some people don’t care about a hot meal before bed, and living off trail mix and beef jerky for a weekend should be an easy alternative. For most of us the camping stove is a major part of making the outdoors comfortable. If you’re like me, and you need that warm meal before the lights go out, start practicing cooking over an open flame. Making an adequate cooking fire and hiking a simple cooking pan in can make the difference. The pan you bring may not weigh much more than a camp stove, but may be lighter than multiple fuel cans. Place your items on a scale and see what works best for you. Since I don’t mind packing in a little extra weight, my camping stove always comes along. Most of the time I cook my main meal (fish, meat) over the fire and cook a side dish (rice,veggies) in my stove at the same time. Decide and practice whatever works best for you.
5-Leave the Sleeping Bag Behind
Unless its consistently hot day and night where we’re camping, we’re probably not going to leave our sleeping bag at home. Sleeping bags can weigh from 3-5 pounds depending on the design of the bag. You can buy a very light sleeping bag adequate for the area in which you’re camping. If you’re in the desert, where its 90 degrees during the day and 40 at night. A good ground pad, goose down pants and jacket might be good enough to act as a sleeping bag. Taking a thin sheet could also be plenty enough to keep us warm and very easy to fold up and pack. I highly recommend studying the night time temperatures religiously before you leave your sleeping bag at home.
6-Leave the Ground Pad Behind
The ground pad keeps us warm, clean and comfortable on those long camp nights, but it also isn’t necessary. Gathering leaves, moss or finding soft ground can be more comfortable than the most expensive ground pad on the market. Every time I set my tent or ground pad up, I add some cushion underneath my ground pad.
7-Leave the Trekking Poles Behind
I don’t recommend leaving trekking poles if the hike is long, gains extreme elevation, or you’re not a very skilled hiker. Trekking poles can prevent injury and allow a hiker to maintain stamina on the trial. If it is a short weekend hike or you feel strong enough, leave the poles behind.
8-Leave the Bear Canister Behind
Some areas may require you to have a bear canister, and in that case we are out of luck if we want to leave it behind. Other areas may allow you to set up a counter balance. In most cases, just carrying in a bear canister is easier than trying to set up a counter balance 15 feet high and 10 feet from the tree. This item isn’t at the top of my list of items I would leave behind.
9- Leave the Batteries Behind
We may not have to leave all of our batteries behind, but most of them. Too many times I’ve watched someone pull a fresh, unopened pack of ten batteries out of their bag. It is just unnecessary useless weight. Why not just bring 2-4 extra batteries for the trip. If it is a long trip, using a solar panel will also help us get rid of battery weight.
10- Leave the Clothes Behind
I’m not saying to become a nudist and hike off into the wild, but I am trying to make you think about what unnecessary clothes and boots you may pack into camp. Most places in the summer months don’t require heavy jackets or pants. Study the weather conditions, and elevation to determine what you need to bring. Get rid of those old heavy hiking boots and try hiking in lighter more agile trail running shoes. You’re legs and back will thank you later.
Now, some of you may disagree with my list of essential items, but that is good. Remember this is only a guideline to help us get outside more often with a lighter pack. If our pack is lighter and the hike is more enjoyable, then we are more likely to go back. Take this guideline, and make one of your own. No one but yourself, can tell you what you can and can’t bring comfortably. We can bring it all if it makes us happy!